Choline Deficiency May Hinder Fetal Brain Development

Lack of choline during pregnancy may lead to reduced blood vessel growth in the brain of the developing fetus, a new study in mice suggests. The finding adds new information about the importance of choline for prenatal brain development.


Progress on a Universal Flu Vaccine

Researchers have developed a method to generate antibodies that attack a diverse array of influenza viruses in mice, ferrets and monkeys. The accomplishment points the way to a universal flu vaccine.


Prostate cancer may be encouraged by heavy milk consumption

Experts at the Harvard School of Public Health have found that excessive milk consumption can increase the risk of prostate cancer.


Finally, positive results from a microbicide trial

HIV prevention world is abuzz with excitement following news of the first clinical evidence that a vaginal gel - known as a microbicide - can help to prevent sexual transmission of HIV infection.

A study by the Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA) found that a vaginal gel containing the antiretroviral (ARV) drug tenofovir was 39 percent effective in reducing a woman's HIV risk when used for about three-quarters of sex acts and 54 percent effective when used more consistently. It also halved the incidence of genital herpes infections.


Gaza hospitals overloaded with expired drugs

Hospitals in the Gaza Strip are overloaded with expired drugs and medicines, Palestinian officials said.

The officials insisted Thursday that the drugs and medicines, which were donated to the Gaza Strip by aid organisations all over the world over the last two years, had expired, Xinhua reported.


Hyperthermia: Too Hot for Your Health

Heat-Related Illness Advice for Older People

Hot summer weather can pose special health risks to older adults. The National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health, has some advice for helping older people avoid heat-related illnesses, known as hyperthermia.


Scientists Identify Brain Circuits Related to the Initiation and Termination of Movement Sequences in NIH-Supported Study

In humans, throwing a ball, typing on a keyboard, or engaging in most other physical activities involves the coordination of numerous discrete movements that are organized as action sequences. Scientists at the National Institutes of Health and the Gulbenkian Institute in Portugal have identified brain activity in mice that can signal the initiation and termination of newly learned action sequences. The findings appear online today in the current issue of Nature.


Knee Surgery Looks No Better Than Therapy For Torn ACL

You're young, fit and in pain after tearing one of the key ligaments that holds your knee together.


Reports says strokes may come from heavy drinking

US researchers have discovered the risk of stroke doubles or is higher in the hour after drinking one serving of wine, beer or spirits.


New UN initiative aims to stop tuberculosis deaths among people with HIV

The United Nations and the Stop TB Partnership have agreed to step up joint efforts to halve by 2015 the number of people living with HIV who die from tuberculosis, which accounts for a quarter of all deaths among those living with the virus.